The wealthiest Arabs in the World for 2007

Realia 1:

مرحباً بكم في قائمة أريبيان بزنس لأغنى 50 عربياً لعام 2007

Read the article (Arabic)

Arabic/Islamic Greetings – Eid Mubarak عيد مبارك

Eid mubarak ( عيد مبارك) is a traditional Muslim greeting reserved for use on the festivals of Eid ul-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr.

The phrase translates into English as “blessed festival“, and can be paraphrased as “may you enjoy a blessed festival”.

Muslims wish each other Eid Mubarak after performing the Eid prayer.

This celebration continues till the end of the day. It is notable that saying these exact words is a cultural tradition influenced by deep roots of religion in it; however, it is not part of any religious obligations.

Eid refers to the occasion itself, and Mubarak is roughly ‘may it become good for you’, but the phrase is used in the same context that “Merry Christmas” would be.

Throughout the Muslim world there are numerous other ways of greeting for Eid ul-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr.

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“This (butcher) is trying to kill me!”

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd ul-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims and Druze worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim’s (Abraham’s) willingness to sacrifice his son, as commanded by Allah. (Muslim tradition names Ishmael as the son who was to be sacrificed, whereas the Judeo-Christian tradition names Isaac.)

It is one of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from the Quran.[1] (Muslims in Iran celebrate a third, non-denominational Eid.)

Like Eid el-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha begins with a shortprayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba).

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Eid ul-Fitr ( عيد الفطر ), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity”, while Fiṭr means “to break the fast” (and can also mean “nature”, from the word “fitrah”) and so symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period.

Eid ul-Fitr starts the day after Ramadan ends, and is verified by the sighting of the new moon. Muslims give money to the poor and wear their best clothes.

Eid ul-Fitr lasts three days and is called “The Lesser Eid” ( العيد الصغير al-‘īdu ṣ-ṣaghīr) compared with the Eid ul-Adha that lasts four days and is called “The Greater Eid” ( العيد الكبير al-‘īdu l-kabīr).

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Calligraphic signs of Eid Greetings

Best greetings and wishes for the blessed (happy) Eid

More greetings signs

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Cultural/Religious Virtual Realia: The Islamic Call to Prayer (Adhan) – الآذان

Adhan (Azaan) (آذان ) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin (المؤذن).

The root of the word is ( أذن – adhana) i.e. “to permit”, and another derivative of this word is أذن (uḏun), meaning “ear.”

Adhan is called out by the muezzin from a minaret of a mosque five times a day summoning Muslims for fard (mandatory) salah (prayers).

There is a second call known as إقامة iqama that summons Muslims to line up for the beginning of the prayers.

Text of the Adhan

Arabic
أَذَان
Transliteration
aḏān, azaan, adhaan
Translation
call to prayer
Recital Arabic Transliteration Translation
4x

الله اكبر

Allah u Akbar God is The Greatest*
2x

اشهد ان لا اله الا الله

Ash-hadu allā ilāha illallāh I bear witness that there is no lord except God
2x

اشهد ان محمدا رسول الله

Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasūlullāh I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God
2x

حي على الصلاة

Hayya ‘alas-salāt Make haste towards prayer
2x

حي على الفلاح

Hayya ‘alal-falāh Make haste towards welfare [success]
2x

الله اكبر

Allah u akbar God is greatest
1x

لا اله الا الله

Lā ilāha illallāh There is no lord except God

Video clip of the Adhan

Watch this video clip of the Adhan from Makkah (this is one of the most-known Adhan among Muslims in the Muslim world)

Adhan from Tureky

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This video clip shows the transliteration and meaning of the Adhan

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Amzing facts about the Adhan

  • Wherever there are Muslims around the world, the Adhan is recited 5 times a day in the following times :
    • ِdawn الفجر
    • noon, الظهر
    • mid-afternoon, العصر
    • sunset, المغرب
    • night العشاء
  • So, if you happen to travel to the Arab world, you will defenitely hear the Adhan throughout the day.
  • One of the amazing facts that has been establised is that there is not even a single moment when hundreds of thousands of Muazzins (callers to prayer) around the world are not calling the Adhan on the surface of this earth. Even as you read this material right now, you can be sure there are at least thousands of people who are hearing and reciting the Adhan! Read more

This video illustrates the continuity of the Adhan around the earth

    Poster of the Adhan & Iqama transcript

    The Adhan at the Dawn prayer is slightly different from the other Adhan.

    What line is added to the Adhan at dawn time? (Look at the red arrow above)

    What happens when the Adhan is announced?

    • What do you understand from this TV advert?

    Screenshot of an electronic Adhan software

    The software allows you to hear automatic Athan at the right time five times a day. The most popular religious software according to download.com

    Many Muslims (Arabs and non-Arabs) who live outside the Muslim world rely on electronic tools to remind them of the exact prayer times.

    As a language learning exercise, compare the following screenshots:

    Notice the prayer times, different types of Adhan, volume controls etc…

    What new words did you learn?

    Source of screenshot: IslamicFinder.org

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    Where is the Adhan called out from?

    Minarets (manara (lighthouse) منارة, but more usually مئذنة) are distinctive architectural features of Islamic mosques. Minarets are generally tall spires with onion-shaped crowns, usually either free standing or much taller than any surrounding support structure.

    As well as providing a visual cue demarcating a Muslim community center and territory, the call to prayer is traditionally given from the top of the minaret.

    In some of the oldest mosques, such as the Great Mosque of Damascus, minarets originally served as watchtowers illuminated by torches (hence the derivation of the word from the Arabic nur, meaning “light”).

    In more recent times, the main function of the minaret was to provide a vantage point from which the muezzin can call out the adhan, calling the faithful to prayer.

    In most modern Mosques, the adhan is called not in the minaret, but in the musallah, or prayer hall, via a microphone and speaker system.

    In a practical sense, these are also used for natural air conditioning.

    As the sun heats the dome, air is drawn in through open windows and up and out of the shaft, thereby causing a natural ventilation.

    Minarets have been described as the “gate from heaven and earth”, and as the Arabic language letter alif (which is a straight vertical line).

    The world’s tallest minaret (at 210 meters) is located at the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco.

    The world’s tallest brick minaret is Qutub Minar located in Delhi, India.

    There are two 230 meter tall minarets under construction in Tehran, Iran.

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    Find out more

    Adhan – Wikipedia

    Snow in the the Arab World

    These pictures were taken in Ifrane city (nicknamed Little Switzerland) which is a town and ski resort in the Middle Atlas region of Morocco.

    I have been to this city as a Scout boy when I was around 13 and I loved it – the white snow – though shocking to find in a Mediterranean country was a lot of fun for me and my friends!
    If you happen to visit Ifrane, what you’ll notice about the city is that the streets are very clean, nearly free of crime, and probably the best city in northern Africa . It is only half an hour drive away from the famous city of Fez.

    It was founded by the French in 1929 and is probably one of the cleanest cities in Morocco.

    Ifrane is located in the heart of a region of Morocco known for its beautiful forests, lakes, mountains, and waterfalls.

    Al Akhawayn University, an English speaking private university, which follows an American-curriculum, opened its doors for study in 1995. This helped re-launch Ifrane as a desirable destination for domestic tourism. Consequently, Ifrane continues to develop as both a summer and winter resort.

     

    More images

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    Photo Diaries & Podcasts of Arab Students in the UK and the Arab World

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    Diaries available:

    1. Nadia Abou-Al-Raghib : My (life) experience between Jordan and Britain نادية أبو الراغب: تجربتي بين الأردن وبريطانيا
    2. Zakariah Isam between his brithplace and his ancestors’ land زكريا عصام بين مسقط الرأس وأرض الأجداد
    3. Yasin Abdullah while he is away from his homeland ياسين عبد الله في غربته
    4. Ahmad Al-Ghamdi – Achieving aspirations أحمد الغامدي: تحقيق الطموح
    5. Helen Torrington: My experience with the Arabic lifestyle هيلين تورنجتون: تجربتي مع نمط الحياة العربية

    Find out more :

    BBC Arabic

    Arabic version of “Who wants to be a Millionaire?” – برنامج مـن سيـــربح المليــون؟

    Who Wants To Win A Million? (2 Million Special)          
    Hosted by George Kurdahi
    The Arabic language version of the international phenomena “Who Wants to be a Millionaire?” has taken Arabic viewers by storm, with ratings dwarfing even the most beloved comedy shows and soap operas.  The show continues its ratings streak by offering two million dollars.

    Video clip 1

    The clip is for one question written as an MCQ (Multiple Choice Question) –

    Can you translate the question with the possible answers?

    Video clip 2

    أول رابح للمليونين 2,000,000 في برنامج من سيربح المليون

    The first winner of a 2 millions in ” Who wants to be a Millionaire?”

    Find out more

    برنامج مـن سيـــربح المليــون؟ – Wikipedia

    You can play the game online at لعبة من سيربح المليون بالفلاش