Arabic/Islamic Greetings – Eid Mubarak عيد مبارك

Eid mubarak ( عيد مبارك) is a traditional Muslim greeting reserved for use on the festivals of Eid ul-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr.

The phrase translates into English as “blessed festival“, and can be paraphrased as “may you enjoy a blessed festival”.

Muslims wish each other Eid Mubarak after performing the Eid prayer.

This celebration continues till the end of the day. It is notable that saying these exact words is a cultural tradition influenced by deep roots of religion in it; however, it is not part of any religious obligations.

Eid refers to the occasion itself, and Mubarak is roughly ‘may it become good for you’, but the phrase is used in the same context that “Merry Christmas” would be.

Throughout the Muslim world there are numerous other ways of greeting for Eid ul-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr.

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“This (butcher) is trying to kill me!”

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd ul-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims and Druze worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim’s (Abraham’s) willingness to sacrifice his son, as commanded by Allah. (Muslim tradition names Ishmael as the son who was to be sacrificed, whereas the Judeo-Christian tradition names Isaac.)

It is one of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from the Quran.[1] (Muslims in Iran celebrate a third, non-denominational Eid.)

Like Eid el-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha begins with a shortprayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba).

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Eid ul-Fitr ( عيد الفطر ), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity”, while Fiṭr means “to break the fast” (and can also mean “nature”, from the word “fitrah”) and so symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period.

Eid ul-Fitr starts the day after Ramadan ends, and is verified by the sighting of the new moon. Muslims give money to the poor and wear their best clothes.

Eid ul-Fitr lasts three days and is called “The Lesser Eid” ( العيد الصغير al-‘īdu ṣ-ṣaghīr) compared with the Eid ul-Adha that lasts four days and is called “The Greater Eid” ( العيد الكبير al-‘īdu l-kabīr).

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Calligraphic signs of Eid Greetings

Best greetings and wishes for the blessed (happy) Eid

More greetings signs

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Cultural/Religious Virtual Arabic Realia: Basmala – بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Basmala (Arabic بسملة) is an Arabic language noun which is used as the collective name of the whole of the recurring Islamic phrase bismi-llāhi ar-raḥmāni ar-raḥīmi .

This phrase constitutes the first verse of every “sura” (or chapter) of the Qur’an, and is used in a number of contexts by Muslims.

It is recited several times as part of Muslim daily prayers, and it is usually the first phrase in the preamble of the constitutions of Islamic countries.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
bismi-llāhi ar-raḥmāni ar-raḥīmi
“In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful”

Arabic-speaking Christians sometimes use the Basmala to refer to the Christian liturgical formula :

“In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit”

(باسم الآب والابن والروح القدس,

bismi-l-’abi wa-ll-ibniwa-rr-rūḥi lqudusii)

Calligraphic Signs of Al-Basmala

In Arabic calligraphy, Al-Basmala is the most prevalent motif for calligraphy artists – Have a look at these amazing calligraphic writings:

Can you decipher the letters /words?

Calligraphy created by Sudanese artist Hassan Musa

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Islamic/Arabic Calligraphic Signs of Al-Basmala from China

Haji Noor Deen MiGuangjiangg is a master Arabic calligrapher and Chinese Muslim. He is normally invited to the Edinburgh Islam Festival every year. The following are samples of his work :

Another calligraphic sign of Al-Basmala inside a mosque in China

Ajmerikhawaja.com

Flickr.com

Muiz.co.uk

Find out more

Basmala (Wikipedia)

Saying Bismillah – Virtues and Occasions– Collection of Sayings from Authentic Hadiths

Haji noor deen

Key religious expressions/sayings (Digital flashcards/PDF)

Postage Stamp – USA Stamp with Eid Greetings

The U.S. Postal Service is expanding its Holiday Celebrations Series with a new stamp highlighting the Muslim holiday of Eid.

The Eid stamp, designed by Zakariya of Arlington, Va., features the Arabic phrase “Eid mubarak” in gold calligraphy on a blue background. English text on the stamps reads “EID GREETINGS.”

The colors chosen for the stamp Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, prayer and reflection. Ramadan remembers the month in A.D. 610 when Muslims believe that the prophet Muhammad received the revelations from God that would form Islam’s holy book, the Quran.

“This is a proud moment for the Postal Service, the Muslim community, and Americans in general as we issue a postage stamp to honor and commemorate two important Islamic celebrations,” said A.S. Jaffer, Public Affairs and Communications for the Postal Service, who will dedicate the stamp.

“The Eid stamp will help us highlight the business, educational and social contributions of the estimated six to seven million Muslims in this country whose cultural heritage has become an integral part of the fabric of this great nation.”